Rhumba is one of the ballroom dances which occurs in social dance and in international competitions

 Of the five competitive international Latin dances, it is the slowest. This ballroom rumba was derived from a Cuban rhythm and dance called the boleroson; the international style was derived from studies of dance in Cuba in the pre-revolutionary period.

Two variations of rhumba with opposing step patterns are danced around the world. American style rumba was imported to America by band directors like Emil Coleman and Don Aspiazú between 1913 and 1935. The film Rumba, released in 1935, brought the style to the attention of the general public. American style rhumba is taught in a box step, known for its slow-quick-quick pattern danced on the 1, 3, and 4 beats of 4-beat music. International style rhumba was developed in Europe by Monsieur Pierre after he compared the established American style with contemporary Cuban dancers. International style is taught in a quick-quick-slow pattern danced on the 2, 3, and 4 beats of 4 beat music, similar in step and motion to the cha-cha-cha.[11] Both styles were canonized in 1955.

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